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Which is a Better Investment Unit Linked Insurance Plans or a Mutual Fund?

You must be knowing that life is full of alternatives and choices. When you visit that mobile store to make your new smart phone purchase the salesman brings you two smart phones strikingly similar in all features except in the color asking you to make a choice. Many a time you find this choice to be one of the hardest ones you have ever made. I would like to bring to your attention a famous quote " Life Is Full Of Hard Choices. All You Can Do Is Choose A Path And Walk Ahead ". You must have heard about the " Opportunity Cost Of Capital ". This is a concept of alternative investment decisions where you have to choose between several different set of alternatives and make the best possible investment decision among the choices available to further your economic goals. Find This Difficult? Do Not Fret. The team of Financial Planners at Moneymindz.com are always there for you to plan your investment needs in a most effective and efficient manner. You can explore this unique Free Advisory Service just by giving a missed call on 022 6211 6588.

What Is A Unit Linked Insurance Plan?

You must have heard of the word twin benefits or the two in one option. A unit linked insurance plan is basically an insurance policy bundled with an investment component. It incorporates the benefits of both insurance as well as investment. Based on the investors risk appetite, premium paying capacity, age and financial goals he can fix the portfolio of that unit linked insurance policy.

What Is A Mutual Fund?

You must have heard of the phrase " Unity Is Strength ". Similarly a mutual fund is a collective pool of investment where the underlying instrument is a package of stocks. You know that the price of shares has skyrocketed and it might not be possible for a single investor to obtain significant quantities of such pricey stocks. By investing in a mutual fund you are actually purchasing fractions of shares and you can own shares of several large companies by making small investments. These mutual funds might invest in debt, equity, shares of a particular sector or in money market instruments. Depending upon your risk appetite you can choose your mutual fund portfolio.

Comparing Chalk And Cheese

You must have heard of the famous phrase comparing chalk and cheese. While both mutual funds and unit linked insurance plans have their pros and cons I will make an attempt to compare the two of them to arrive at some sort of conclusion.

What Are The Costs Involved In A Unit Linked Insurance Plan vs A Mutual Fund

You must be knowing that the unit linked insurance plan has a premium allocation charge which might be as high as 8% of the premiums paid. These policies charge mortality cover charges and fund management charges which even though are just 1.35% they are levied on the accumulated fund value and not on the premium. In addition we have policy and administration charges as well as surrender charges which make charges on a unit linked insurance plan quite an expensive affair. Compare this with a mutual fund and you find the entry load has been scrapped .Moreover the mutual fund also has the direct plan option which takes the intermediaries out of the game. As far as cost comparison goes mutual funds win hands down against the unit linked insurance plan.

Let us consider a Unit Linked Insurance plan scheme of a famous insurance agency in India in which one can fix ones premium in the range from INR 25000-INR 100000.Mr Uday a 30 year old male has taken up this policy for a period of 10 years paying a premium of INR 50000 per annum. The sum assured is INR 10 Lakhs. The premium allocation charge is 3% of the annual premium of the first year with no charge thereafter. This translates to a cost of INR 1500.This policy charges an administration charge of 6% for the first 5 years of the policy. This translates to INR 15000 for a period of 5 years. The administration charges taper to 3% for the remaining 5 years This translates to INR 7500 for the next 5 years. If you add up the costs you will find that out of a premium paid of 5 Lakhs the charges are nearly INR 25000.The fund management charges are 1.35% of the fund value. This translates to quite a high cost when compared to costs involved in a mutual fund.

So Which One Is Better Unit Linked Insurance Plan Or A Mutual Fund

Let us consider Mr Suresh a male 30 years of age has taken a ULIP Plan and pays a premium of INR 1 Lakh per annum for a period of 15 years .This ULIP Plan has various charges that are deducted from the premium such as Premium Allocation Charges of 3% in the first year which is nil in the subsequent years. The Policy administration charges are INR 5000 for the first 5 years and INR 3000 for the subsequent 10 years. The Fund Management charges are 1.35% on fund value after charging policy administration charges and premium allocation charges.The mortality charges are INR 2500 per annum with a decrement of INR 100 per year for 5 years. It reduces to nil in the subsequent years. The sum assured is INR 15 Lakhs.

Table Showing The Calculations of Maturity Benefits Of A Unit Linked Insurance Plan



Let us consider Mr Ritesh a male 30 years of age invests INR 1 Lakh per annum in an Equity Mutual fund for a period of 15 years. He takes a term insurance policy with a sum assured of 15 Lakhs paying a yearly premium of INR 2500.This is necessary as mutual funds do not have an insurance component. The charges in the mutual fund are 2% of the Opening Balance. The rate of return on the mutual fund is 10% compounded annually. Growth Rate minus the mortality premium and charges gives us the closing balance. We then add the 1 Lakh investment amount to get the opening balance.

Table Showing The Calculations Of Returns In A Mutual Fund :



Findings Of This Study :
• Unit Linked Insurance Plans have high initial charges and hidden costs. In the case of mutual funds entry load has been scrapped and distribution and commission charges are removed in the case of direct plan mutual funds. This translates to a huge savings in costs initially and mutual funds with a term insurance policy out beat the unit linked insurance plan. Here we notice as shown in the table that mutual fund returns are higher than Unit Linked Insurance Plan for the first 5 years.

• We notice that the returns from Unit Linked Insurance Plan are INR 30 Lakhs as shown in the table. This is greater than the combo plan of term insurance and mutual funds as shown in the second table where the returns after 15 years are 28 lakhs. Over longer periods of time the Unit Linked Insurance Plan beats the combo of the mutual fund and term insurance policy .So Why Does This Happen?. The secret is in the loyalty bonus. These Unit Linked Insurance Plans declare periodically a loyalty bonus which helps it to beat the performance of the mutual fund combined with term insurance policy.

• Where Do The Unit Linked Insurance Plans Get Funds To Give You That Loyalty Bonus?.These products are very complex and include hidden charges not noticeable to the common man. The secret lies in theFund Management Charge (Refer Table FMC) which is charged on the fund value. If the fund performs well the charges are also suitably increased. From these funds loyalty bonus is paid.

• Tax Deductions are available for Unit Linked Insurance Plan under Section 80 C of the Income Tax Act up to a sum of INR 1 Lakh.. The maturity benefits are tax free in the hands of the investor under Section 10 10(d) of the Income Tax Act. These policies are tax deductible under Section 80CCC up to a sum of INR 10000.The amounts invested in an annuity scheme will be taxed if the total amount from the annuity is more than INR 2.5 Lakhs a year. Mutual funds baring ELSS have no tax benefits. However long term capital gains are nil.

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