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Income Tax Slabs and Deductions for a Young Lady in 2013-2014



One has heard the famous saying " Today It Takes More Brains And Effort To Make Out The Income Tax Form Than It Does To Make The Income ". One surely knows what is planning and the need for planning in our day to day life. No work gets done without a plan. Don’t you think it is necessary for one to plan one’s income tax deductions in a proper manner and not wait for the last minute to file those returns? It would be wise to remember the good old saying " He Who Fails To Plan, Plans To Fail ". The vast majority of our fellow citizens rush to file their income tax returns on the last day. When it comes to filing one’s income tax returns the legendary Japanese philosophy of the " Just In Time Approach " is followed almost religiously .Remember to file your income tax returns in time and help your fellow citizens file their income tax returns in time. The team of Financial Planners at Moneymindz.com are always there for you to plan your taxation needs in a most effective and efficient manner. You can explore this unique Free Advisory Service just by giving a missed call on 022 6211 6588.

Income Tax Slabs For The Financial Year 2013-2014

Individuals And Hindu Undivided Families and Resident Woman Under 60 Years

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates Education Cess
1 Where the total income does not exceed INR 2,00,000 NIL NIL
2 Where the total income exceeds INR 2,00,000 but does not exceed INR 5,00,000 10% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 2,00,000. 2 % of Income Tax
3 Where the total income exceeds INR 5,00,000 but does not exceed INR 10,00,000 INR 30000/- + 20% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 5,00,000. 2 % of Income Tax
4 Where the total income exceeds INR 10,00,000 INR 130000/- + 30% of the amount by which the total income exceeds INR 10,00,000 2 % of Income Tax

Education Cess : Here Education cess on Income tax and Secondary and Higher Education cess on income tax shall be levied at the rate of 2% and 1% respectively. Let us consider Mrs Asha aged 45 years of age works as a fashion designer and consultant and earns INR 12 Lakhs per annum. Mrs Asha does not make use of any of the income tax deductions available to her. Let us calculate her income taxes.

Table – 1

Heads % Of Income Tax Income Tax
Up To INR 2.0 Lakh NIL NIL
INR 2 Lakhs - INR 5 Lakhs
One has a range of 200000 To 500000 which gives us 300000
One then calculates 10% of INR 300000
10% INR 30000 (A)
INR 5 Lakhs - INR 10 Lakhs
One has a range of 500000 To 1000000 which gives us 500000
One then calculates 20% of INR 500000
20% + INR 30000 INR 100000 (B)
INR 10 Lakhs
Mrs Usha earns INR 1200000 One has a range of 1000000 to 1200000 which gives us 200000
One then calculates 30% of INR 200000
30% + INR 130000 INR 60000 (C)
Total INR 190000 (A+B+C)
Educational Cess 3% Of Total Cess INR 5700 (D)
Net Tax Payable INR 195700 (A+B+C+D)

What Does One Infer From This Case?

Mrs Asha pays INR 195700 as Income Tax as she does not make use of any of the income tax deductions available to her because of her lack of knowledge on the subject. Let us now see how Mrs Asha could have saved on her income taxes had she made use of the deductions available to her.

Deductions Available Under Section 80 C Of The Income Tax Act

Mrs Asha could have invested INR 1 Lakh in the National Saving Certificate and made use of the deductions available to her under Section 80 C of the income tax act.

National Saving Certificates Of Five And Ten Years Tenure

  • One has the NSC offered by the post offices which gives an interest rate of 8.5% per annum compounded half yearly. The maturity period is five years eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C.
  • The Annual Interest earned is deemed to be reinvested and qualifies for tax rebate for five years under Section 80C of the Income Tax act.
  • Deposits are exempt from wealth tax.There is a facility for reinvestment on maturity.
  • A 10 year NSC gives returns of 8.8% and the rest of the features are same as that of a five year NSC.

Deductions Available Under Section 80 D Of The Income Tax Act

Mrs Asha could have taken a health policy for herself as well as her parents who are Senior citizens and availed deductions of up to INR 35000 as per deductions under Section 80 D of the income tax act.

Premium On The Health Policy

Under this section, an individual can claim deductions for the health insurance premium paid for himself, spouse and children. He can also claim a deduction up to INR 15,000 for the health insurance premium paid for his parents. If either of the parents are senior citizens, this limit is INR 20,000.The age limit for senior citizen is 60 years from the Financial Year 2012-13. So, the limit can go up to INR 35,000 in a year

Deductions Available Under Section 80 E Of The Income Tax Act

Mrs Usha has a daughter 21 years of age. She could have availed of tax deductions under Section 80 E on the interest component of the education loan taken by her daughter for higher studies. The interest component is INR 70 Thousand per annum on the education loan.

  • Education loan is not only beneficial to pursue higher studies but also one can avail of tax benefits under Section 80E of Income tax act. Only an individual is eligible for tax deduction and not a Hindu Undivided Family.
  • Education loan can be availed for one’s spouse, children and oneself. Loan can be availed to study in India as well as abroad.
  • An individual can claim deductions on the interest on loans taken by him from any financial institution or any approved charitable institution for the purpose of pursuing his higher education.
  • Tax benefit is only for the interest paid and not on the principal amount.
  • Tax benefit can be availed only for 8 years from the date one starts one’s first installment. After 8 years one will not be eligible for further tax benefits.
  • Loan should be availed from financial institution or any approved charitable institution.
  • Only full-time courses are eligible for tax benefit.
  • Education loans taken for both regular as well as professional courses pursued after passing the senior secondary examination are eligible for deduction.
    Table 2
Heads Amount
Gross Taxable Income INR 1200000 (A)
Less National Saving Certificate Under Section 80 C INR 100000 (B)
Less Tax Deductions Under Section 80 D INR 35000 (C)
Less Tax Deductions Under Section 80 E INR 70000 (D)
Total Taxable Income INR 995000 (A)-(B+C+D)

Table 3

Heads % Of Income Tax Income Tax
Up To INR 2.0 Lakhs Nil NIL (A)
INR 2.0 Lakhs - INR 5 Lakhs
One has a range of 200000 To 500000 which gives 300000
One then calculates 10% of INR 300000
10% INR 30000 (B)
INR 5 Lakhs - INR 10 Lakhs
One has a range of 500000 To 1000000 which gives 500000.(1000000-500000)
One then calculates 20% of INR 495000
20% + INR 30000 INR 99000 (C)
Total Tax INR 129000 (A)+(B)+(C)
Education Cess 3% Of INR 129000 INR 3870 (D)
Net Tax Payable INR 132870 (A)+(B)+(C)+(D)
  • One can see the Net Income Tax payable of INR 195700 (TABLE -1) where Mrs Asha has not made use of any of the income tax deductions available to her and hence pays a higher amount of income tax.
  • One can see the Net Income Tax Payable of INR 132870 (TABLE -3) where one can calculate the amount paid by Mrs Asha as income taxes had she made use of the deductions available to her.
  • Here the difference between TABLE 3 and TABLE 1 is the yearly amount Mrs Asha could have saved on tax had she made use of the tax saving instruments available to her. This translates to a sum of INR 195700 -INR 132870 =INR 62830
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