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Real Estate: What next

This is a terrible time for real estate developers, who have excess inventory, are short of capital and very low demand, but a great time for buyers with cash at their disposal. In a bearish market, where there is a poor demand for products, customer is the king! The same is true for property buyers. Remember the time when developers were asking exorbitant (ridiculous is the right word!) high prices for their properties. Their greed is over now but it is the time for YOU, the buyers, to be greedy.

This sector has already seen price corrections and will see another correction soon. Developers are in deep trouble because not only funds have dried up but also demand has gone down. People who booked properties this year are delaying or cancelling their orders. These firms are facing acute problem of servicing their debt obligations (They raised huge capitals to fund their ambitious pan-India projects). There is some fear in the market that even big developers are on the verge of defaulting loan payments.

Do’s and Don’ts in the market

Ask for heavy discount on finished apartment. You could ask for up to 30% discount. Real estate developers are in deep red and will want to sell off all the finished products as soon as possible. However, buy ready to handover properties only. If you can delay your plan, wait for another 4 to 5 months. Prices would come down by another 15-20% over this period.

Do not buy any under construction property because the chances are high these developers may not have enough fund to complete these projects. Mid-tier developers are the worst affected because they may not have enough resources to fund their projects. Expect to see a delay of 2 to 3 years on most of the projects that were announced this year. “Over the night flyers” have quit the market and this is a great news for the consumers.

Employment scenario in the sector

Diwali sales are down amid the ongoing financial crisis. Buyers have adopted wait and watch approach which I believe is the right thing to do in the bear market. Some analysts believe the sector would see layoffs in the coming years. In the current scenario, developers can not sustain a huge workforce that was created during the boom time. So top realtors like DLF and Unitech might be forced to reduce their workforce by 5-10% to cut costs while mid-tier developers may layoff around 15-20% of their manpower. Moreover, executives at these firms got huge salary increments previous years which may now be reduced. There will be some effect on ancillary businesses as well. Consulting or Investment Banks or Private Equity firms which specialize in providing real estate specific advisory services would face the heat as well. So we will see lesser recruitment by these firms.

However, some analysts believe that there won’t be many layoffs in this sector because there is a scarcity of real estate professionals (compared to mature markets) in India. Second, new areas to work for especially for real estate i-banking people (REITS and real estate derivatives, the latter will take perhaps some more time). Third, fundamentals of Indian economy are still strong that will lead to higher growth, create more people with high disposable income, retail revolution, etc.

Outlook

The next couple of years would be slow for the industry. There is a genuine excess supply in the market which needs to be absorbed quickly to match it with the demand. This will lead to further price correction. Interest rates have started coming down which might ease some pressure on buyers’ shoulders to borrow from banks. This would give some boost to the demand for the residential properties. However, as long as there is a negative sentiment among buyers, both domestics and internationals, the demand would grow slowly, forcing speculators out of the market. The demand for commercial properties will depend on the outlook of US and European countries. If they go into deep recession, IT/ITES companies (which consumes 75% of commercial real estates) will have lesser growth and hence less demand for commercial space. Hence, both global as well as domestic factors will decide the future of industry.